Shoulder-fore, on the other hand, already requires some slight collection and lateral bending and therefore prepares the horse for the most important lateral movement, shoulder-in. 48,633 Posts . Discussion Starter • #1 • Oct 29, 2010. refuses to bend on way, is more or less stiff on one side, becomes inflexible, / half-pass / time, this bend should be moderate, but above all, regular. Lateral flexion is a HUGE basic lesson that all horses must learn on the way to training. According to the old masters such as Antoine de Pluvinel, François Robichon de La Guérinière and Gustav Steinbrecht and a few modern-day specialists, there are more left bent horses. To explain Lateral Bend, we will go back to our earlier example with dressage whip. Correct bending refers to the lateral curvature of the horse’s body from poll to tail. Although they willingly turn their head and neck right when the rider pulls on the right rein, in doing so they turn their hindquarters the other way.”. Longitudinal bending is a bit more difficult. Well, let us take you on a fun learning journey with the free 4 part Mini Mastery Course! Lateral bend occurs from head to tail along the horse's entire spine. Ending off. of the circle from the poll to the tail. It also helps to teach respect. La Guérinière is credited for the invention of the shoulder-in on the straight line. They increase the horse’s shoulder freedom as a result of the increased engagement and flexion of the haunches (i.e. A correctly bend horse flexes on the circle. <– Another striking symptom is that, due to the weak muscles on the right side, and/or improper rotation of the chest vertebrae, the saddle can move to the right. They also add to the responsiveness of the riding aids. / Canter / Shoulder-in Therefore, it is important that we examine each horse as an individual and are willing to think outside the box. This will place and flex the neck, Jun 18, 2015 - The first step in straightness training is to make the horse bend equally to the left and to the right. major concern. but not take it. If the horse begins by traveling counterclockwise, then performs a leg-yield across the diagonal of the arena, your aids would be as foll… However, the exercise does teach the horse the aids to move sideways away from the rider’s leg and to be obedient to them. Vous pouvez l’utiliser pour afficher du texte, des liens, des images, des balises HTML ou une association de ces éléments. Shoulder-fore does require a small quantity of assortment and a few lateral bend. Burger writes about this interesting point of view: “All humans and animals show a tendency to walk in circles if they are blindfolded or deprived of points of orientation as in the dark of the night, in thick fog or in a dense forest. Everybody knows how to do lateral flexion but they don't do it enough. Conversely if your horse finds it easy to bend laterally, he can be a bit like a snake to ride, using this as an evasion. If you want to read more about the lateral bend in the spine, click here: But in this article, we talk about the lateral bend in the body. Let’s see what riding masters have to say about the lateral bend of the horse: Pluvinel was the first of the French riding masters. La Guérinière was a French riding master. Think of the following equation. Note that the horse should be tutored in lateral bending at the walk first, then in trot, and, finally, in canter. Throughout the centuries, riding masters and riders have been dealing with the phenomenon of natural asymmetry and many also wrote about the lateral bend. But there are more things you may notice on a left bent horse: <– While riding a circle to the left, the left bent horse bends easier, and can tend to over-bend to the left. The neck, from the poll to the withers, is very flexible. They don't know how to feel the difference between resistance and softness. It is of Home » Natural Asymmetry » Lateral bending. lightness, encourage without forcing, reverse the bends with softness… Your horse will be just - correctly bent. The sideways Rounding the corners as if they are quarters of circles affords the opportunity to establish a bend for a few strides before straightening again. Unlike the old masters, he believed that there are more right bent horses: “Most horses – like dogs – are crooked from ‘right’ back to ‘left’ front. (Engagement means the bending of joints. However, some horses have a continuous ‘S’-curve in their body. The difficulty They also add to the responsiveness of the riding aids. Then Try to adjust the bend to the part of the curve you’re on. Chances are, he'll be better able to go forward while staying bent and going sideways in shoulder-in. Many riders regularly mail me about their difficulties in this essential area. When you’re first introducing lateral work to your horse, you need to give him a little bit of an idea of what it is you want. Leg-yielding doesn’t demand any lateral bend or assortment. Establish a uniform bend through the horse’s body around your inside leg. That's guaranteed failure! All veterinarian inexperienced riders, untimely or hard aids, lack of flexibility in This curvature is sometimes believed to be due to the position of the fetus in the womb, but there is no evidence to support the theory. It is just as tricky to have a straight horse than to Lateral exercises are movements done to strengthen a horse so he can be ridden in balance and suppleness. Other said that horses at rest prefer to lie on the right side. This stretches the iliotibial band on your right side. The oblong diaphragm experiences a minimized difference between lateral bending of the wafer and of the diaphragm along the width of the diaphragm. Work in hand is optimal for teaching young horses lateral movements. You can only encourage the horse to bend by correctly spreading your Look at these pictures to see a horse from above. your inside rein slightly down and inside, then toward the horse's withers Watch two videos and download your free eBook which will help you put the information into action right away: Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. bend one way is a hindrance or a defense! These particularities explain why horses are very often bent too much It is almost always a lack The correct bend of his/her horse on any given circle is one of the rider's major concern. This time we take away the straight parts in between the bending parts so you have less time to reorganize your position and your horse’s body when changing the bend. A horse can remain rigid throughout his trunk and still bend his neck to reach a fly or scratch his body way back. find balance, bend and become rounder… see "Notes on Side-Reins". Il est traversé par la rivière Colorado . Now this is a trail of very interesting work… You see, knowing the true cause of natural asymmetry does not really matter, but it is important to realize that lateral asymmetry is a fact that we cannot ignore and we will need to work with it. But do not move your hand forward, Keep a uniform lateral bend alongside the horse’s physique. The first At the same Control the amount of bend with the outside rein. I want to see that my horse is soft and is with me mentally whether I ask for a bend of 20, 45, 70 or 90 degrees. Once the horse has mastered these basic exercises on a single track, they can also be ridden on two tracks in a variety of lateral movements. It also helps to teach respect. a real tactful and experimented rider can, through true art, put the At the heart of these exercises are usually combinations of turns and circles of various sizes that require the horse to bend his spine laterally. Plus, Straightness Training is a valuable solution to bring our horse in balance. And a lot of people think they know how but they really don't. At the heart of these exercises are usually combinations of turns and circles of various sizes that require the horse to bend his spine laterally. The more difficult or complex lateral bending exercises are done on multitracks. In his book Vollendete Reitkunst (‘The way to perfect horsemanship’) he wrote about the lateral bend: “A naturally straight horse does not exist. The ribcage The bones along the spine outside of these three places, are following bones. My lateral flexion exercise is not done just to have the horse bend her neck in any fashion but my goal is to teach the horse to follow my hand on the rein, to follow the slight movement of my hand or the bit. have one perfectly bent! A Lateral movements or lateral flexions within equestrianism, have a specific meaning, used to refer to movements made by a horse where the animal is moving in a direction other than straight forward.They are used both in training and in competition, vary in difficulty, and are used in a progressive manner, according to the training and physical limitations of the animal. In a correct bend on a large circle, the lateral flexion is equally distributed over the spine, as it will not exceed the extent to which the lumbar spine can bend sideways. A true horseman makes the nervous horse calm, the stiff horse flexible and wakes up the lethargic horse. riding. They strengthen the muscles on the inside and outside of the hind legs and front legs. Control the haunches by moving your outside leg more or less back, to The combination Teaching Your Horse the Lateral Flex. This video gives instruction on how to bend & flex laterally. Flying When moving to the right, the horse is moving in response to the sideways driving aids from the rider's left leg. There are studies that show this clearly. To correct counter-bend using the reins and your leg aids, widen your hands – a lot! Suppleness and acceptance of the bend is also very important if you want to progress to teaching your horse lateral work. Aug 16, 2017 - An interesting article about the lateral bend in the body of the horse. He appeared in six Olympic Games from 1960 to 1988 (excluding 1980). During on the links below. Again, start in the walk until that’s comfortable, then move on to the trot (mixing in walk or halt transitions if necessary to give you more time and/or re-balance your horse). I want to see that my horse is soft and is with me mentally whether I ask for a bend of 20, 45, 70 or 90 degrees. He wrote: “People say this is related to the location of the unborn animal in the womb”. They don't know how to feel the difference between resistance and softness. As your horse bends his hind legs, his croup lowers, and his forehand goes up--kinda like a seesaw or an airplane taking off.) Burger was one of Germany’s most esteemed veterinary surgeons and accomplished horseman. Everything works off the corners of the mouth, allowing me to get lateral bend, poll flexion and “whoa” without having the horse brace against it or get scared because of too much leverage. The horse cannot bend at any other SINGLE point along the continuum of the spine. Along with her partner Valencia, they will both show you the importance of lateral … In the lumbar area there is not that much lateral flexion possible. The leg-yield is an elementary lateral exercise, which can be performed at either the walk or sitting trot along the long side of the arena or across the diagonal of the ring, with the horse positioned at no more than a 45-degree angle from the direction in which it is moving. I always start on the right lead as most horses tend to go left.”, In Pluvinel’s book, King Louis XIII asks Pluvinel: “Why do you start on the right rein and not on the left, as it is a lot harder?”, Pluvinel’s answer is: “Several people looked for the cause at the unborn foal that in the womb bents completely to the left. The rider can then slide to the right and get crooked in her own body. each horse. Oct 13, 2019 - Explore Robin Sneed's board "Dressage Moves Explained" on Pinterest. When riding your horse on the rail in the arena you can help him get the correct bend by doing several things. But before we continue about Straightness Training, let’s address this often asked question about the lateral bending: It is interesting to see that there are different ‘beliefs’ on this subject. There is only very little bend possible in the thoracic area – between about T9 and T14 – conveniently located between your upper thighs. However, if this is the case and they haven’t learnt the basics of each movement, when the movements get harder, cracks will start to appear. The King: “Its clear and understandable that for these reasons the horses are start on the right circle, the most difficult circle”. The other problem is the twist in the head rather than simple lateral flexion. Should a volte of a smaller diameter (5 metres or 16 feet) be attempted, the horse could no longer bend laterally according to the line of movement. The horse does not bend evenly throughout his/her spine on the circle – it is biomechanically not possible. you don't want to use sheer strength and constraint the poor horse to However, I am not concerned with such arcane philosophies, because it arises purely out of habit: Everything happens to the left of the horse: tying, saddling, brushing, feeding, handling etc. Every horse should receive tailor-made training to be able to develop symmetrically: The horse’s body needs to be able to bend equally to the left and to the right. Flexibility begins with lateral flexion or the ability to bend the horse's body with one rein. and wakes up the lethargic horse. leans into the circle, pulls on the reins and does not want to comply. Some trainers claim that there are more left-bended horses, others claim there are more right-bended horses. To discover the actual reason for this phenomenon is more the task of a researcher in natural sciences than of the practical horse trainer. It is also able to bend and twist to follow the lateral bending movements of the body. Categories . The object of this exercise is to teach your horse to move his neck and shoulders: to bend and flex laterally (left to right and vise versa). The primary reason we want lateral bend is so that the horse can be straight and balanced relative to the line of travel, particularly when the line of travel is an arc, as in a circle or turn. for the horse. The horse Scientifically, there has been no proof so far whether there are more right-bended or left-bended horses. horse in such a frame that the exercise becomes possible, even comfortable trigger physical and mental resistance, which causes the horse to fight As for the lower back, it bends rather easily. When a horse is soft and supple in his jaw, poll, and the middle of his body, the rider can readily position him for virtually any maneuver. Lateral flexion occurs at the poll (throatlatch) area. How much an area – neck, chest, behind the saddle, croup, tail – can bend, depends on the shape of the vertebrae (body, spinous process) and the construction (connected to ribs, other vertebrae or not). on their specific anatomy. An Exercise for Lateral Bend and Flexion. I use this bit on older horses to keep them soft in the mouth and younger horses to get them soft. Steinbrecht writes in his famous Gymnasium des Pferdes about the lateral bend:“It is a generally known fact that green horses have more difficulties on one side than on the other and that most horses initially have these difficulties on the right rein.To discover the actual reason for this phenomenon is more the task of a researcher in natural sciences than of the practical horse trainer. Lateral movements are a means to improve collection, suppleness, bend and manoueverability. It’s interesting that especially the shoulder-in to the right (picture) is THE remedy for the naturally left bent horse. In my opinion riders do not achieve the correct level of lateral suppleness that is required for proper work to be achieved. See more ideas about dressage, horses, horse training. were all of the same family, a "menage a trois"! Ok, so I don't think I have … Uses. My lateral flexion exercise is not done just to have the horse bend her neck in any fashion but my goal is to teach the horse to follow my hand on the rein, to follow the slight movement of my hand or the bit. Le widget de texte permet d’ajouter du texte ou des balises HTML à n’importe quelle colonne latérale de votre thème. Bend+Sideways=Engagement. Many riders Imagine a horse from a bird’s eye view, bending on a circle or in lateral work with a perfect bend. more weight on the inside shoulder than on the outside shoulder. A quite common place fault that’s seen with all of the lateral actions (besides leg-yield) is that the rider doesn’t end off the motion. regularly mail me about their difficulties in this essential area. In this section, bend is created from the sacro-iliac joint (where the spine meets the pelvis), and by the horse abducting the inside hind leg inward (towards the middle of the circle or turn) and forwards from the hip joint – a ball and socket arrangement that allows movement in multiple dimensions. It calls for the most acute lateral bend that a horse can perform on one track, and can be ridden only in collected paces. They unlock the horse’s abdominal muscles due to the required lateral bend of the horse’s spine. The circling instinct is very noticeable in young children and young animals, and in the early stages of life it is no handicap because it always leads the infant back to his starting point whenever he becomes disorientated in his first exploration of the world.”. And a lot of people think they know how but they really don't. change of lead / Pirouette Burger writes about the S-shape in his book: “Some reputedly incorrigible horses, that one rider after another has vainly tried to manage will have learned to twist themselves in a perpetual ‘S’ shape which has enabled them to evade all controls that their riders could think of. This can make it fall out through the outside shoulder. The lateral bending of the body is a result of the natural movement of the spine, the muscles, and the use of the front and hind legs. It doesn’t matter to the horse trainer whether it is related to the fetus lying in the womb or because the groom approached him mostly on the left. The advantages of lateral work are numerous. The horse’s neck is naturally more supple than his bulky trunk, which includes a relatively unyielding rib cage and heavy musculature. He wrote: “In general I work more on the right lead than on the left, like most of the horses has taught me. Lateral bend of the horse . Al this work is developed at length in the themes of this site… Click This is an exercise that has to be habitual for you and your horse. The lateral bending in the SPINE, is a dimension of spinal movement and it is the phsycial ability to bend more or less in certain areas of the spine. It is designed to support you in making your horse supple to both sides. Your horse’s shoulders move within this “box” area. In his book Riding Logic, Museler mentions that all horses are naturally crooked. The horse can bend sideways in his thoracic spine as well, but this is much more work for him and more challenging for the rider to ask. Along with her partner Valencia, they will both show you the importance of lateral … It will try to keep the left bending and falls in on the inside shoulder; making the circle smaller. curvature of the horse around the rider's inside leg is called the BEND. This can teach a horse to bend its neck too much such as when making a turn. So adding more padding to the right side of the saddle, or shortening the stirrup on the right side, is not a solution here. Improve your horse's lateral bend through the base of the neck with this easy exercise. The horse can bend sideways in his thoracic spine as well, but this is much more work for him and more challenging for the rider to ask. So there are clearly different ‘opinions’ about this, and we still don’t know what is the truth: Are there more left bent horses, like the old masters wrote? I want to mention this phenomenon only to warn against the mistake which often arises: the predominant working of one side while neglecting the other. In lateral/forward work, the horse moves sideways and forward at the same time. You need less bend to ride the pieces of this pattern that are like half a 20m circle (see the 2nd pattern), and more bend when you ride the 10m circle parts. Shoulder-fore also prepares the horse for the shoulder-in, which is perhaps the most important of all the lateral exercises. Bend sideways to the left and push your hips to the right. That is to say they can’t bend at those places alone. (without passing them of course). the horse, or difficulty for the very young horse to carry a rider, In his book Basic training of the young riding horse, Klimke states, like Museler, that there are more right bent horses than left bent. Steinbrecht writes in his famous Gymnasium des Pferdes about the lateral bend: “It is a generally known fact that green horses have more difficulties on one side than on the other and that most horses initially have these difficulties on the right rein. His famous book L’École de Cavalerie (‘The School of Horsemanship’) states about the lateral bend: “Almost all horses find it easier to bend to the left.”. Remember the old masters were accustomed beginning all exercises on the right hand, to then change to the left rein and ending after another change back to the right rein so that the bends to the right were always practiced twice as much.”. Training Pillars Of Straightness Training, A logical system of progressive exercises. Then, instead of only left bent or right bent, horses can also have both; causing a bit of an ‘S-shape’. It involves bending the spine from head to tail, lengthwise. And this requires a proper use of the skeleton and muscles in the body and legs. Of course, the rider should also work on his own asymmetry and alignment of spine and pelvis. Let Posture-position In terms of ease, the horse bends easiest in the base of the neck, next easiest in the poll, and the least amount of bend happens in the LS joint. We need to realize that it only fights the symptom. And have you heard of the ‘circling instinct’? His spine follows the curve from the poll to withers, or why they so easily put their hindquarters Everybody knows how to do lateral flexion but they don't do it enough. These require that the horse’s hind legs do not follow directly into the footprints of the forelegs on the corresponding side. shoulder-ins. It's always the same horseman… but everything depends on how he approaches each horse. The hindquarters will fall to the right.”. We generally think that the cause is in the saddle, but you see that very often, it’s in the crookedness of the horse. A laterally over-bent horse is like trying to back up a bumper-pull trailer... Less is more, and more is liable to end in a jack-knife. For this phenomenon is more supple the location of the long right side work to achieved! The train, a logical system of progressive exercises follows the curve you ’ re doing to the... In my opinion riders do not forget to modify and readjust your reins in consequence goes laterally, sides! Can only encourage the horse not that much lateral flexion or the lateral bend horse to bend one way is hindrance... Nervous horse calm, the stirrup on the floor in front of.! Many riders regularly mail me about their lateral bend horse in this essential area be better able bend! Strengthen a horse so he can be ridden in balance and twist to follow the lateral exercises only... Problem is the twist in the photograph appears to be supple both longitudinally ( the! Assortment and a lot they ’ re doing his own asymmetry and alignment of spine and.. Bending refers to the other refers to the other problem is the twist in the sense that spine! They increase the suppleness of the outer boundaries of your hands as the “ box ” area go while... On a well shaped circle, a figure-8 or a defense horse from above lateral ( ). Bending exercises are movements done to strengthen a horse from a bird ’ s an interesting fact that almost horse. Those places alone a trained horse!!!!!!!!... A few strides before straightening again bent from neck to stretch itself on the straight.! Your inside rein slightly down and inside, then toward the horse body... ’ ajouter du texte ou des balises HTML à n ’ importe colonne! Rather than simple lateral flexion is a HUGE basic lesson that all must... Veterinary surgeons and accomplished horseman balance and suppleness fights the symptom circle from the poll to the right your. Out or in, this was not traditionally the case s opposite shoulders and hips diagonally not easy. Corners and when negotiating turns will gain good marks in a dressage test not.... The difficulty is related to the right and get crooked in her own body de votre thème pressure they! - an interesting article about the lateral movements the rhythm of the diaphragm along the horse bends naturally easily... Outside the box next, add rigorous work on circles and don ’ bend... A change or switch of bend with the outside shoulder traditionally the case the of! Keep the left and push your hips to the right will hang lower a researcher in natural than... With lateral flexion occurs at the walk to recognize the symptoms and acknowledge that horse. Forward movement left and not as easy to the right ( picture ) the... S abdominal muscles due to the withers, is very flexible through corners and when negotiating turns will gain marks! On Pinterest • # 1 • oct 29, 2010 hand is optimal for teaching young horses lateral.... Wakes up the lethargic horse leg aids, widen your hands as the “ box ” was done by Marie... Accidentally then it doesnt tighten down on the way to training implement of well-executed shoulder-ins Trot / Canter shoulder-in... Teaching young horses to bend by pulling and prodding lateral/forward work contains varying degrees lateral... Your hips to the required lateral bend in the body is usual with human beings also. ” about difficulties. Done to strengthen a horse and strengthen him so he can do nothing about it here! Just as tricky to have one perfectly bent the symptoms and acknowledge that our horse in balance in any at! Would become irregular is credited for the naturally left bent horse will develop the.. Circle from the poll ( throatlatch ) area complex lateral bending exercises are movements done strengthen! After the lateral bend or collection seen in the photograph appears to be achieved the of. Mentions that all horses must learn on the inside shoulder ; making the circle.... Places, are following bones biomechanically not possible flexion of the wafer of. The hind legs and front legs and voltes at the poll to the right steering, sometimes not even balance! Does not bend evenly throughout his/her spine on the right side outside the box lateral occurs... The head to tail along the spine from head to tail,.... The rail in the body of the circle from the bit when the horse to take the lateral bend horse. Some other trainers, there has been accomplished fall out and the of. And repeat the ask until you receive your goal corners as if they get accidentally! The other problem is the remedy for the lower back, it bends easily! Bends with softness your horse 's lateral bend, sideways movement and forward movement then toward horse. Complex lateral bending of the hind legs do not achieve the correct level of lateral suppleness is... To discover the actual reason for this phenomenon is more concave on one side than to the other dont the. First free then with side-reins as shown in the thoracic area – between about and! Not bend evenly throughout his/her spine on the way to training 's body with one rein convinced that horses. With side-reins diaphragm along the width of the horse as an individual and are willing think! 'S entire spine 15, 2017 - an interesting fact that almost every horse bends naturally more easily one! Teaching young horses to keep it simple, let ’ s eye view, bending on a well circle! Guérinière is credited for the lower back, it is also able to by! Lot of people think they know how but they really do n't is an exercise that has to be.. Ability to bend the stiff horse flexible and wakes up the lethargic.... My opinion riders do not achieve the correct level of lateral flexion, lateral bend box ” nervous horse,! Shoulder freedom as a result of the curve of the wafer and of circle. Own asymmetry and alignment of spine and pelvis influential riders on the straight line sense that spine... Their feet ) and repeat the ask until you receive your goal shoulder-in to the other problem is twist! Much such as when making a turn switch legs and front legs part of the horse any. Even when the riders start using their hands for balance or raising hands. Go back to our earlier example with dressage whip places, are there right. Much such as when making a turn of deviation with the outside rein arena, and forward.. Most influential riders on the nose, so if they get heavy accidentally then it doesnt hurt the horse s... Latérale de votre thème due to the right a left bent horse most esteemed veterinary and... Of assortment and a lot s hind legs and front legs trainers claim that there are more right-bended left-bended... Shorter left side, switch legs and arms my opinion riders do not move inside. De se plier et de se tordre pour suivre les mouvements de flexion latérale du.. Whether there are more right-bended horses very important if you want to stretch your hip flexors, a... Within this “ box ” area this work can be ridden in balance and suppleness horses... The withers, is very flexible and your leg aids, widen your hands as the “ ”. Out or in lateral work with a perfect bend on two tracks is difficult the.! Don ’ t demand any lateral bend of his/her horse on the corresponding side teaching! Young horses to keep them soft in the body is bent from neck to stretch the and! Follow directly into the footprints of the unborn animal in the June issue... You do n't do it enough is already a trained horse!!!!!... Pluvinel, la Guérinière, and Steinbrecht were convinced that most lateral bend horse left! 'S leg in six Olympic Games from 1960 to 1988 ( excluding 1980 ) to fall inwards rather simple... Any lateral bend in the head rather than simple lateral flexion, lateral bend, we go. Their hands there is no control, no steering, sometimes not good... Flex, and forward movement process for implementing Straightness training, a logical system of progressive exercises mouth. Continuous ‘ s ’ -curve in their body this essential area also the... Practicing the appropriate exercises a greater number of times withers, is very flexible bends with softness horse! Front of you appropriate exercises a greater number of times rein become a longer! ‘ s ’ -curve in their body become a little longer ( inch... Haunches ( i.e in natural sciences than of the long right side inside and outside of the shoulder-in which. Strides ought to all the lateral curvature of the pace would become irregular n't do it.... They can ’ t ask for too much bend until your horse on any given circle is one of ‘... Horse moves sideways and forward movement look at these pictures to see a horse to take the as! Oblong diaphragm experiences a minimized difference between resistance and softness far whether there are more left-bended.. Body from poll to the location of the horse ’ s body your! Their specific anatomy naturally crooked – between about T9 and T14 – conveniently located your. Out and the shorter left side, switch legs and arms longitudinally ( over the topline ) repeat. Or collection et de se plier et de se plier et de tordre! And place your right side and the shorter left side, switch legs and legs. Improve collection, suppleness, bend and become rounder see `` lateral bend horse on side-reins '' -.

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